Pediatric Surgery is a branch of medicine dealing with surgical diseases seen in children from newborn infancy to 16 years of age. The surgical problems faced by pediatric surgeons differ significantly from similar surgical diseases seen in adults. The medical and surgical approach to the child patient is very different from the adult patients due to the different body characteristics and psychological structure of the child from the adult. Children often express themselves adequately, cannot explain their complaints, are impatient and fearful during the examination. Pediatric surgeons are doctors who have been trained in the diagnosis and treatment of child-specific surgical diseases and have gained experience in this direction. A pediatric surgeon is a physician who understands the psychology of the child and family and can communicate with his patient as needed. The aim of the pediatric surgery team is to provide the most comfortable, painless treatment for the child and in a way that does not harm the child's psychological development.
Diseases Treated by Pediatric Surgeons:
With a general definition, the treatment of surgical diseases, cancers and traumas that occur in childhood is in the field of pediatric surgery.
Congenital Diseases in the Newborn Period:
Pediatric surgeons perform the surgical correction and follow-up of neonatal anomalies detected in the baby while in the mother's womb or detected after birth. Esophageal atresia (Congenital esophageal obstruction) Bowel atresia (Congenital bowel obstructions) Malrotation (Congenital intestinal malposition) Digestive system duplications (duplication of intestines in some regions) Necrotizing enterocolitis (a type of bowel gangrene that can occur in newborn babies) Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (The diaphragm muscle does not develop congenitally and the abdominal organs pass into the chest cavity) Gastric congestion (abdominal obstruction in infants) Anorectal malformations (Congenital absence of the anus) Omphalocele and gastroschisis (incorrect formation of the abdominal wall due to the fact that the intestines are outside the body) Hirschsprung's disease Tumors developing in the womb (for example, sacrococcygeal teratoma)
Some of the most common surgical diseases in childhood are:
inguinal hernia Hydrocele and cord cyst (water hernia) undescended testis Hypospadias (congenital malposition of the urethra in a boy) Appnadicitis Umbilical hernia (umbilical hernia) Some diseases with watering in the navel Stomach and intestinal obstructions (such as intussusception) rectal polyps Anus cracks, abscesses and fistulas. Constipation Rectum prolapse (a part of the large intestine protruding from the anus) Hirschsprung's disease Liver cysts [especially hydatid cysts (dog cysts), injuries] Surgical diseases of the spleen (frequently, the necessity of removing the spleen due to blood diseases, spleen injuries) Surgical diseases of the pancreas Tumors located in the abdomen (kidney, lymph node cancers, neuroblastoma) Testicular inflammation Testicular torsion (an emergency disease of the testis resulting in gangrene) testicular cysts Testicular tumors Ovarian cysts Ovarian rotation (an emergency disease of the egg resulting in gangrene) Labial fusion (adhesion of the small lips in front of the vaginal entrance)
Do You Have Questions? Contact Us
+90 (342) 236 00 36
Click here to make an appointment for this department..